SA 1: History of Construction and of Conservation

Topics studied under SA1:

·     Introduction to modern conservation criteria. General concepts. Structural conservation and restoration.

·     Construction techniques and structural components: masonry and earth.

·     Construction techniques and structural components: timber and mixed systems.

·     Construction techniques and structural components: metals. The use of metals in historical construction.

·     Introduction to 20th century heritage structures. Structural concrete across 20th century.

·     Overall structural arrangements in history.

·     Ancient rules and classical approaches.

·     Limit analysis: the static and the kinematic approach.

·     Damage and collapsing mechanisms in historical structures: gravity and soil settlements; construction defects.

·     Damage and collapsing mechanisms in historical structures: environmental and anthropogenic actions.

·     History of conservation. The Athens Charter and the Venice Charter. Modern structural restoration practice.

·     The application of conservation criteria in practice. Diagnosis, safety evaluation and design of intervention.

·     Examples. Discussion of analysis and restoration of real heritage structures.