SA 1: History of Construction and of Conservation
Topics studied under SA1:
· Introduction to modern conservation criteria. General concepts. Structural conservation and restoration.
· Construction techniques and structural components: masonry and earth.
· Construction techniques and structural components: timber and mixed systems.
· Construction techniques and structural components: metals. The use of metals in historical construction.
· Introduction to 20th century heritage structures. Structural concrete across 20th century.
· Overall structural arrangements in history.
· Ancient rules and classical approaches.
· Limit analysis: the static and the kinematic approach.
· Damage and collapsing mechanisms in historical structures: gravity and soil settlements; construction defects.
· Damage and collapsing mechanisms in historical structures: environmental and anthropogenic actions.
· History of conservation. The Athens Charter and the Venice Charter. Modern structural restoration practice.
· The application of conservation criteria in practice. Diagnosis, safety evaluation and design of intervention.
· Examples. Discussion of analysis and restoration of real heritage structures.